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CDS-1 2019 & CDS-2 2019 EXAM DETAILS


1. What is CDS Exam?

CDS is Combined Defence Services Exam to get into Indian Army, Indian Navy & Indian Air Force.

It is conducted by UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) twice a year.

First one is conducted in the month of February and generally called as CDS – 1 Exam, while second one is conducted in September and known as CDS – 2 Exam.

CDS Exam is an All India Exam and candidates from all over the country appears for it.

While filling up application form, candidates have choice to opt for any of the Indian Army, Indian Navy & Indian Air Force as their preferable service. Selected candidates are sent to

  • IMA (Indian Military Academy, Dehradun),
  • INA (Indian Naval Academy, Ezhimala),
  • AFA (Air Force Academy, Hyderabad) and
  • OTA (Officers Training Academy, Chennai).

However, women candidates are only eligible for OTA (Officers Training Academy, Chennai).

About CDS – 1 2019 & CDS – 2 2019 Exam:


CDS – 1 2019 Exam

CDS – 2 2019 Exam

Course Name

Commencing From

Course Name

Commencing From

Indian Military Academy


Direct Entry

January 2020


Direct Entry

July 2021

Indian Naval Academy


(General Service)/ Hydro

January 2020


(General Service)/ Hydro

July 2021

Air Force Academy

Pre-Flying Training Course No.

207 F(PC*)

January 2020

Pre-Flying Training Course No.

208 F(PC*)

July 2021

Officers Training Academy (Men)

111th SSC*

(Non - Technical)

April 2020

112th SSC*

(Non - Technical)

October 2021

Officers Training Academy (Women)

25th SSC*


April 2020

26th SSC*


October 2021


* indicates types of commission: PC – Permanent Commission & SSC – Short Service Commission

Click here to know more about Types of Commission in Indian Armed Forces.


2. Selection Process:

 CDS Exam is divided into following stages.

1) Written Examination

2) SSB Interview

  1. Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) Test and Picture Perception & Description Test (PP&DT)
  2. Interview, Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests and the Conference

3) Medical Examination


1) Written Examination:

Stage – 1 of CDS Exam is Written Examination, which is objective type of exam. Candidates who applied for CDS Exam will receive Admit Card approximately three weeks before the commencement of Written Examination. Exam Pattern & Syllabus of Written Exam is mentioned below in this article.

Approximately 4 weeks after the commencement of Written Examination, UPSC declares a list of candidates who obtain the minimum qualifying marks in the Written Examination as fixed by the Commission in their discretion.

Candidates who have qualified in the Written Examination are required to register themselves on the recruiting directorate website in order to enable them to receive call up for second stage of selection process i.e. SSB Interview.  


2) SSB Interview:

Candidates who are declared successful in the Written Examination will be detailed for intelligence and personality test at the Service Selection Board based on their preference by the respective service HQ.

This intelligence and personality test is also divided into 2 stages:


a. Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR) Test and Picture Perception & Description Test (PP&DT):

Officer Intelligence Rating Test along with Picture Perception and Discussion Test will be conducted on the first day. Stage-I test is a screening test and only those who qualify, would undergo subsequent testing.

All Stage-I qualified candidates would be subjected to document check to ascertain their eligibility for the branches applied for. List of documents required to submit at SSB is mentioned below in the article.

Candidates who either do not qualify in Stage-I or do not meet the required eligibility criteria would be sent back on the first day itself.

b. Interview, Group Testing Officer Tasks, Psychology Tests and the Conference:

Psychological test will be conducted on Day 1 (Afternoon) and the Group Tests and Interview would commence after document check for the next five days.

The personality of a candidate is assessed by three different assessors viz. The Interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO) and the Psychologist. There are no separate weightage for each test. The marks are allotted by assessors only after taking into consideration the performance of the candidate holistically in all the test.

In addition, marks for Conference are also allotted based on the initial performance of the Candidate in the three techniques and decision of the Board. All these have equal weightage.

The various tests of IO, GTO and Psych are designed to bring out the presence/absence of Officer Like Qualities and their trainability in a candidate. Accordingly candidates are Recommended or Not-Recommended at the SSB.

Check complete procedure & other details of SSB Interview.


Candidates recommended by the AFSBs required to appear for CPSS (Computer Pilot Selection System). This is once in a lifetime test.

Candidates who have failed the CPSS/PABT in an earlier attempt or a Flight Cadet suspended from flying training at Air Force Academy will not be eligible.

Check what is CPSS/PABT in Indian Air Force?


3) Medical Examination:

A candidate recommended by the Services Selection Board will undergo a medical examination by a Board of Service Medical Officers. Women candidates will undergo Medical Examination by a Medical Board comprising male/female doctors/specialists/Gynecologist. There will be a Lady Medical Officer as Member of Board.

The candidates declared unfit will be intimated by the President of the Medical Board and procedure for request for an Appeal Medical Board (AMB) will also be intimated to the candidate.

Check the Procedure for an Appeal for re-examination.


Final Result:

Final Result of CDS Exam is prepared based on the minimum qualifying marks secured by a candidate separately in (i) Written Examination and (ii) SSB Interview Tests as fixed by the Commission and Service Selection Board respectively in their discretion. The candidates will be placed in the order of merit on the basis of the total marks secured by them in the Written Examination and in the SSB Interview Tests.

However, only those candidates will be admitted to the Academy who are declared fit by the Medical Board. Success at the examination confers no right of admission to the Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, Air Force Academy or the Officers' Training Academy as the case may be.

The final selection will be made in order of merit subject to medical fitness and suitability in all other respects and number of vacancies available.


3. Selection Process Schedule:

Important Dates of CDS – 1 2019 & CDS – 2019 Exams are mentioned below:


CDS – 1 2019

CDS – 2 2019

Notification of Exam

31 October 2018

12 June 2019

Online Application Form

Filling Starts

31 October 2018

12 June 2019

Online Application Form

Filling Ends

26 November 2018

08 July 2019

Admit Card

For Written Exam

2nd Week of January 2019

3rd Week of August 2019

Written Examination

03 February 2019

08 September 2019


of Written Examination

Last Week of March 2019

3rd Week of October 2019


For SSB Interview Starts

2nd Week of April 2019

1st Week of November 2019

SSB Interview Starts

June 2019

December 2019

SSB Interview Ends

December 2019

May 2020

Final Merit List


1st Week of November 2019

Last Week of April 2020

Final Merit List


Last Week of January 2020

3rd Week of July 2020


4. Notification of CDS – 1 2019 & CDS – 2 2019 Exams:

Notification of CDS – 1 2019 Exam is already out on 31st October 2018. Submission of Online Application Form is also completed on 26th November 2018.

Download official CDS – 1 2019 Exam Notification PDF here.

UPSC will come out with Notification of CDS – 2 2019 Exam on 12th June 2019. Online Application Form filling will start on the same day i.e. 12th June 2019.


5. Eligibility Criteria for CDS – 1 2019 & CDS – 2 2019 Exams:

The candidates applying for the examination should ensure that they fulfil all the eligibility conditions for admission to the Examination. Their admission at all the stages of the examination will be purely provisional subject to satisfying the prescribed eligibility conditions.

Mere issue of Admission Certificate to the candidate will not imply that his candidature has been finally cleared by the Commission.

Verification of eligibility conditions with reference to original documents will be taken up only after the candidate has qualified for interview/Personality Test.

However, if on verification at any time before or after the written examination or Interview Test, it is found that they do not fulfil any of the eligibility conditions, their candidature for the examination will be cancelled by the Commission.

Check complete Eligibility Criteria for CDS – 1 2019 & CDS – 2 2019 Exams.


6. Physical Standards required for CDS – 1 2019 & CDS – 2 2019 Exams:

7. Vacancy for CDS – 1 2019 & CDS – 2 2019 Exams:

8. Apply Online for CDS – 1 2019 & CDS – 2 2019 Exam:

9. Admit Card for CDS – 1 2019 & CDS – 2 2019 Exam:

10. Exam Pattern for CDS – 1 2019 & CDS – 2 2019 Exam:

11. Syllabus for CDS – 1 2019 & CDS – 2 2019 Exam:

12. Cut Offs for CDS – 1 2019 & CDS – 2 2019 Exam:

13.  Written Exam Results:

14. SSB Call Letter:

15. Final Result:

16. Salary & Career Growth:

17. Exam Analysis:

18. Preparation Strategy:

19. Free Notes & Books:

20. Daily, Weekly & Monthly Current Affairs:

21. Daily Quizzes:

22. Previous Year’s Question Papers & Solution:

23. SSB Interview & Medical Examination Preparation:

To Read More Download Below PDF

Posted By:

Nikita Radadiya


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